Tag Archives: Estados Unidos

USA sells 24 Apache Helicopters to Iraq

É que faz todo o sentido, já agora, é o Estado Iraquiano que paga? “$4.8 billion”?? Em quantos anos e como? Ahh já sei, agora têm direito a escolher líderes e ficam com opção de invasão no futuro caso se justifique (justifica-se sempre).

Blacklisted News

Defense Security Cooperation Agency

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Ben Bernake’s Banksters Legacy

Para quem já ouviu falar dele,  um senhor interessante, também bastante mencionado no Inside Job e no Zeitgeist, entre outros.

Via Breaking All The Rules – Blacklisted News

James Hall – January 22, 2014

With Ben Shalom Bernanke set to depart on the last day of January 2014, the critique and speculation of his tenure as Chairman of the Federal Reserve begins. The mainstream financial press is giving mostly favorable accounts. Heretofore, such praiseworthy acclamations strike a shape contrast with the actual record of the state of the economy. However, the admirers of the Fed and his specific enactments live in a time warp that only masters of the universe encounter. For the remaining population, an intense struggle for survival is the actual experience, remembered from the Bernanke years.

Investopedia expresses a complimentary score of The Legacy Of Ben Bernanke, and cites distinguished highlights and concludes that “Under Bernanke’s stewardship, the Fed became the most transparent it has ever been in its history.”

Yet, (…)

Nicaragua’s Canal and China Power

4 notícias/artigos interessantes:

5 de outubro 2013

The Economist

A man, a plan—and little else

NOT since the civil war of the 1980s have so many helicopters been clattering over remote parts of Nicaragua. But now the guys squinting down through the tree canopy are in suits: lawyers and business consultants from the United States, Australian engineers, British environmental auditors, even Chinese executives. Their per diems are being paid by Wang Jing, a Chinese businessman whose $40 billion quest is to build a canal from Nicaragua’s Atlantic coast to its Pacific one. (…)

22 de novembro 2013

Asia Times

Nicaragua canal boosts China power

Since it first opened in 1914, the Panama Canal has provided the primary shipping conduit linking the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans through the Americas. And in that time, it has also represented US dominance in the region. Even after the canal passed entirely into Panama’s control in 1999, the United States has maintained a strong military presence in the region, establishing its continuity as the region’s key economic and political player.

All that is about to change. (…)

12 de janeiro 2014

Blacklisted News

Nicaragua to start construction on Canal, rivalling Panama’s

(…)“The Nicaraguan government and HKND Group are pleased to confirm that canal construction work will begin as planned in December 2014,” Ortega announced alongside Chinese tycoon Wang Jing, whose group has been given a concession to manage the future shipping channel for 50 years, with the possibility to renew the contract for another 50. (…)

21 de janeiro 2014

Público

A Nicarágua vai ser serrada a meio para juntar o Pacífico ao Atlântico

(…)Maior ameaça ambiental no país.
Mas acresce outra importante polémica o impacto ambiental de tão monumental obra. A consultora britânica Environmental Resources Management (ERM) foi contratada pela construtora para averiguar as consequências de escavar um canal profundo através do Lago da Nicarágua, o maior lago de água doce da América Latina, e de talhar terras ancestrais indígenas até chegar ao mar do Caribe. E tentar compensar os danos. (…)

P.s. Este último artigo é um pouco plágio mas junta bastante informação.

Bosch recruta engenheiros | Universidade do Minho

A parceria entre a Bosch e a Universidade do Minho, estabelecida em 2012, vai começar a dar frutos com o recrutamento de 35 engenheiros e 59 bolseiros.  Continue reading Bosch recruta engenheiros | Universidade do Minho

Família Assad e relações diplomáticas americanas

Via CNN

He had won power in Syria by outmaneuvering rivals and, when necessary, using force. His son would not have to repeat those steps to win power — but likely would have to emulate his father to remain as president.

Al-Assad groomed his son, gave him a military pedigree, toughened him. The path was set.

The son in question was not Bashar al-Assad, the man now leading Syria in a spiraling civil war and toward a possible military strike by the United States.

The son Hafez wanted to be president was his first-born, Bassel. Analysts say Hafez al-Assad was closest to Bassel. Bashar, as a child, was shy and modest. The father had a distant relationship with him.

That changed in 1994, when Bassel al-Assad, always known to be reckless as well as cruel, was killed while driving at a high speed toward the Damascus airport to see his girlfriend.

Syria would not have the strongman Hafez envisioned. It would fall to Bashar, the reluctant heir who really wanted to be an ophthamologist.

When Hafez al-Assad died of a heart attack in June 2000, Bashar inherited a regime built on fierce loyalty — to family and religious sect. Hafez had been born into a poor family from the Alawite mountains in northwestern Syria. The Alawites had often been looked down upon by the wealthier, majority Sunnis in Syria, and Hafez al-Assad was determined to break the mold.

He shattered it.

He joined the Ba’ath Party and then rose through the ranks of the Syrian air force. But it was hardly that straightforward. The man thrived in the backrooms of Syrian palace intrigue where, according to most accounts, betraying friends and killing or banishing enemies put you on the fast track to success.

Elder al-Assad was careful with U.S.

In Syria, analysts say, there were more than 20 successful and unsuccessful coups between 1949 and 1970, when Hafez al-Assad took power. He was involved in three of them himself.

Once in power, Hafez al-Assad proved to be one of the most cunning, ruthless dictators in a region full of them. He crushed a 1982 rebellion by the Muslim Brotherhood in the city of Hama by laying siege to the city and killing more than 10,000 of his own people. At different times he waged war against, and negotiated peace with Israel.

He made fast friends with Hezbollah, which the United States considers a terrorist group. But he also made sure the United States was never a full-fledged enemy. In the 1970s and ’80s he did that by sending his forces to the aid of embattled Christians in Lebanon.

And in 1990 and 1991, when President George H.W. Bush was building a coalition against Saddam Hussein, Hafez al-Assad committed 2,000 troops to the coalition side.

Bashar followed that lead. The administrations of both George W. Bush and Barack Obama have, at different periods, engaged in diplomacy with Bashar’s regime and pushed away from it. The Bush team reached out in 2003 when it needed an ally against Iraq.

In the early years of the Obama administration, Sen. John Kerry — the man now calling Bashar al-Assad a “thug and a murderer” — was the point man in the administration’s efforts to cultivate the Syrian dictator.

There is a telling image from that period: a photograph taken in early 2009 of Kerry and his wife, Teresa, having an intimate dinner in Damascus with Bashar al-Assad and his glamorous, London-born wife, Asma.

google images.

Several scenarios possible

How did it all unravel?

Analysts say the civil war is partially the result of old resentments. Much of the majority Sunni population is embittered after decades under the rule of a despotic family from a small minority, the Alawites.

But Bashar al-Assad also had trouble changing the old ways of his father.

“Hafez al-Assad stabilized Syria through a closed system. People couldn’t travel. They couldn’t communicate very well. International news was very limited”, says Andrew Tabler of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

Tabler, who wrote an inside account of the al-Assad regime entitled “In the Lion’s Den,” says, “When Bashar came to power, he lifted the restrictions on travel, allowed people to read international newspapers, satellite television and the Internet. And it opened Syrians’ minds. But how do you control this system? And how do you basically perpetuate authoritarian and tyrannical rule?”

Obama has called on Congress to back plans to punish al-Assad militarily for an alleged chemical weapons attack in his own country.

Meanwhile, his regime is locked in a bloody fight with rebels. More than 100,000 Syrians have died, according to the United Nations.

How does it end for the House of Assad? There are several possibilities.

Bashar al-Assad could fight to the end, lose and be killed. He could eventually flee the country and be given refuge in Iran, Russia or Venezuela.

Or he could prevail. Tabler says if he does, Syria won’t look the same.

“I think at the moment, what’s likely to happen is that the Assad family will rule over part of Syria for the foreseeable future,” says Tabler. “But they’re never going to rule over all of geographic Syria again.”

Síria – Estados Unidos – Rússia

Ao andar pela CNN

vi o Ayatollah a ameaçar os Estados Unidos e

Não era suposto estar a aquecer tanto.

contudo sobre a Síria e as vontades ocidentais nada melhor que:

Daily Show Sep. 4

O Douro no Mundo – Douro promove-se nos EUA para atrair mais turistas

Arranca esta quarta-feira a missão “O Douro no mundo”, uma iniciativa que vai passar por Nova Iorque, Newark e Washington, nos EUA, para dar a conhecer a paisagem duriense, a sua história e os seus vinhos de forma a atrair mais turistas e a criar oportunidades de negócio.
A missão, que junta o projeto “Douro e Estrela – In Tourism”, a Estrutura de Missão do Douro (EMD) e o Museu do Douro (MD), prolonga-se até 10 de Setembro e pretende “influenciar” um dos principais mercados emissores de turistas.
“Juntos potenciamos esta região”, disse, esta segunda-feira, à Lusa, o diretor do Museu do Douro, Fernando Seara, realçando que “ao nível de estrangeiros que visitam o museu, os EUA são o país em primeiro lugar e com grande distância para o segundo”.
Segundo os dados do Instituto dos Vinhos do Douro e Porto (IVDP), entre Janeiro e Maio, as vendas de vinho do Porto para os EUA aumentaram 2,7% em comparação com igual período do ano passado, o que se traduz num volume de negócios de 8,8 milhões de euros. Além disso, as parcerias estabelecidas pelos operadores turísticos que cruzam o rio estão a atrair muitos norte-americanos.

Via Boas Notícias

Síria – Mapas e armas químicas

In Business Insider:

“The U.S., despite lack of U.N. approval and growing demands for legal justifications, is determined to strike Syria in response to an Aug. 21 chemical weapons attack attributed to the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

Earlier we posted a Reuters map that listed the U.S., British, and French forces and bases that are positioned near Syria. But that doesn’t tell the whole story, since it does not illustrate what those assets are threatening.

So we added to it with information from maps created by Foreign PolicyAgence France-Presse, the Institute for the Study of WarThe Telegraph and two via BBC in addition to highlighting U.S. military bases in Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. “

Here’s what the Western assets in the arena currently look like:

Toda a lógica de uma situação como a que se passa na Síria altera-se em instantes pelos ataques químicos lançados, quase de certeza, pelo presidente, contudo já morreram desde 2011 milhares de pessoas pela guerra civil, sem armas químicas. Quem vendeu essas armas químicas? Mesmo produzidas a nível nacional (duvido), onde arranjaram as matérias primas? Ontem pensei que a teoria mais básica apontaria a Rússia, tiveram sempre do lado do presidente e já se sabia que vendiam lá armas, pediram aos Estados Unidos para que não houvesse intervenção e talvez agora com o caso Snowden se tenha criado uma moeda de troca para os Estados Unidos e U.E. finalmente entrarem na Síria. Contudo a situação é dúbia mas alguém vendeu… hoje deparei-me com a averiguação dos ataques por parte do Reino Unido.. será que se vão importar com a fonte?

In CNN

The British government will publish Thursday some of its intelligence related to the alleged chemical weapons attack in Syria, British Prime Minister David Cameron’s office said Thursday.

The announcement comes a day after U.S. President Barack Obama said there’s no doubt that Syria launched chemical weapons attacks against its own people.

Western countries are mulling possible military action against Syrian forces after the alleged chemical assault near Damascus on August 21. Death toll estimates range from several hundred to 1,300.

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s regime has blamed rebels for the attack, a claim that Obama said was impossible.

“We have looked at all the evidence, and we do not believe the opposition possessed … chemical weapons of that sort,” he told “PBS NewsHour” Wednesday.

“We do not believe that, given the delivery systems, using rockets, that the opposition could have carried out these attacks. We have concluded that the Syrian government in fact carried these out. And if that’s so, then there need to be international consequences.”

A team of U.N. weapons inspectors is in Syria trying to determine whether chemical weapons were used. The inspectors are expected to leave Syria by Saturday morning, U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said Thursday, according to Ban’s spokesman.

Opinion: Why western intervention in Syria will leave chaos

Britain’s Parliament will vote on a motion Thursday that would rule out any possible military action until the U.N. inspectors reveal their findings to the U.N. Security Council. Afterward, the British Parliament will take another vote.

But Syria tried to proactively thwart any British military action by writing a letter to U.K. lawmakers.

On Thursday, British members of parliament received an open letter from the Syrian government urging them not to take any military action against Syria, the press office for House of Commons Speaker John Bercow said.

Those who claimed to have survived the alleged chemical weapons attack described a horrific scene in the town of Zamalka.

“After the chemicals, they woke us up and told us to put masks on,” a 6-year-old boy said, describing the alleged attack.

“I told my dad I can’t breathe. My father then fainted and I fainted right after that, but we were found and taken to the emergency room.”

CNN obtained video of the boy and others who made the claims to a journalist in the area.

EUA: Testada vacina eficaz contra a malária

“Foram alcançados novos avanços na aplicação de uma vacina contra a malária em seres humanos. A investigação destes cientistas norte-americanos conseguiu tornar um grupo de voluntários imune à malária. Depois da vacina, estes participantes foram infetados com o parasita mas não desenvolveram a doença.

De nome PfSPZ, a nova vacina é inédita na forma como foi produzida. Ao contrário das vacinas habituais, à base de moléculas, a equipa liderada por Stephen Hoffman recorreu a parasitas vivos para criar imunidade à malária.

A malária é causada pelo Plasmmodium faliparum, um parasita transmitido pela picada de mosquitos infetados que causa a morte de 600 mil pessoas por ano. A vacina consiste na administração, aos participantes, de parasitas da malária vivos mas muito enfraquecidos, que não têm capacidade para desencadear a doença. Trata-se, no fundo, de combater o parasita com o próprio parasita.

Na investigação levada a cabo pela empresa de biotecnologia Sanaria, criada por Hoffman para a investigação de doenças tropicais, seis dos voluntários foram injetados com centenas de milhares de parasitas adormecidos, em cinco doses diferentes. Mais tarde foram infetados com o Plasmmodium faliparum e nenhum deles contraiu a doença infecciosa.”

Via Boas Notícias

“Why I changed my mind on weed” by Dr. Sanjay Gupta, CNN Chief Medical Correspondent

O vídeo

Dr. Sanjay Gupta is a neurosurgeon and CNN’s chief medical correspondent.

“(CNN) — Over the last year, I have been working on a new documentary called “Weed.” The title “Weed” may sound cavalier, but the content is not.

I traveled around the world to interview medical leaders, experts, growers and patients. I spoke candidly to them, asking tough questions. What I found was stunning.

Long before I began this project, I had steadily reviewed the scientific literature on medical marijuana from the United States and thought it was fairly unimpressive. Reading these papers five years ago, it was hard to make a case for medicinal marijuana. I even wrote about this in a TIME magazine article, back in 2009, titled “Why I would Vote No on Pot.”

Well, I am here to apologize.

I apologize because I didn’t look hard enough, until now. I didn’t look far enough. I didn’t review papers from smaller labs in other countries doing some remarkable research, and I was too dismissive of the loud chorus of legitimate patients whose symptoms improved on cannabis.

Instead, I lumped them with the high-visibility malingerers, just looking to get high. I mistakenly believed the Drug Enforcement Agency listed marijuana as a schedule 1 substance because of sound scientific proof. Surely, they must have quality reasoning as to why marijuana is in the category of the most dangerous drugs that have “no accepted medicinal use and a high potential for abuse.”

They didn’t have the science to support that claim, and I now know that when it comes to marijuana neither of those things are true. It doesn’t have a high potential for abuse, and there are very legitimate medical applications. In fact, sometimes marijuana is the only thing that works. Take the case ofCharlotte Figi, who I met in Colorado. She started having seizures soon after birth. By age 3, she was having 300 a week, despite being on seven different medications. Medical marijuana has calmed her brain, limiting her seizures to 2 or 3 per month.

I have seen more patients like Charlotte first hand, spent time with them and come to the realization that it is irresponsible not to provide the best care we can as a medical community, care that could involve marijuana.

We have been terribly and systematically misled for nearly 70 years in the United States, and I apologize for my own role in that.

I hope this article and upcoming documentary will help set the record straight.

On August 14, 1970, the Assistant Secretary of Health, Dr. Roger O. Egeberg wrote a letter recommending the plant, marijuana, be classified as a schedule 1 substance, and it has remained that way for nearly 45 years. My research started with a careful reading of that decades old letter. What I found was unsettling. Egeberg had carefully chosen his words:

“Since there is still a considerable void in our knowledge of the plant and effects of the active drug contained in it, our recommendation is that marijuana be retained within schedule 1 at least until the completion of certain studies now underway to resolve the issue.”

Not because of sound science, but because of its absence, marijuana was classified as a schedule 1 substance. Again, the year was 1970. Egeberg mentions studies that are underway, but many were never completed. As my investigation continued, however, I realized Egeberg did in fact have important research already available to him, some of it from more than 25 years earlier.

High risk of abuse

In 1944, New York Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia commissioned research to be performed by the New York Academy of Science. Among their conclusions: they found marijuana did not lead to significant addiction in the medical sense of the word. They also did not find any evidence marijuana led to morphine, heroin or cocaine addiction.

We now know that while estimates vary, marijuana leads to dependence in around 9 to 10% of its adult users. By comparison, cocaine, a schedule 2 substance “with less abuse potential than schedule 2 drugs” hooks 20% of those who use it. Around 25% of heroin users become addicted.

The worst is tobacco, where the number is closer to 30% of smokers, many of whom go on to die because of their addiction.

There is clear evidence that in some people marijuana use can lead to withdrawal symptoms, including insomnia, anxiety and nausea. Even considering this, it is hard to make a case that it has a high potential for abuse. The physical symptoms of marijuana addiction are nothing like those of the other drugs I’ve mentioned. I have seen the withdrawal from alcohol, and it can be life threatening.

I do want to mention a concern that I think about as a father. Young, developing brains are likely more susceptible to harm from marijuana than adult brains. Some recent studies suggest that regular use in teenage years leads to a permanent decrease in IQ. Other research hints at a possible heightened risk of developing psychosis.

Much in the same way I wouldn’t let my own children drink alcohol, I wouldn’t permit marijuana until they are adults. If they are adamant about trying marijuana, I will urge them to wait until they’re in their mid-20s when their brains are fully developed.

Medical benefit

While investigating, I realized something else quite important. Medical marijuana is not new, and the medical community has been writing about it for a long time. There were in fact hundreds of journal articles, mostly documenting the benefits. Most of those papers, however, were written between the years 1840 and 1930. The papers described the use of medical marijuana to treat “neuralgia, convulsive disorders, emaciation,” among other things.

A search through the U.S. National Library of Medicine this past year pulled up nearly 20,000 more recent papers. But the majority were research into the harm of marijuana, such as “Bad trip due to anticholinergic effect of cannabis,” or “Cannabis induced pancreatitits” and “Marijuana use and risk of lung cancer.”

In my quick running of the numbers, I calculated about 6% of the current U.S. marijuana studies investigate the benefits of medical marijuana. The rest are designed to investigate harm. That imbalance paints a highly distorted picture.

The challenges of marijuana research

To do studies on marijuana in the United States today, you need two important things.

First of all, you need marijuana. And marijuana is illegal. You see the problem. Scientists can get research marijuana from a special farm in Mississippi, which is astonishingly located in the middle of the Ole Miss campus, but it is challenging. When I visited this year, there was no marijuana being grown.

The second thing you need is approval, and the scientists I interviewed kept reminding me how tedious that can be. While a cancer study may first be evaluated by the National Cancer Institute, or a pain study may go through the National Institute for Neurological Disorders, there is one more approval required for marijuana: NIDA, the National Institute on Drug Abuse. It is an organization that has a core mission of studying drug abuse, as opposed to benefit.

Stuck in the middle are the legitimate patients who depend on marijuana as a medicine, oftentimes as their only good option.

Keep in mind that up until 1943, marijuana was part of the United States drug pharmacopeia. One of the conditions for which it was prescribed was neuropathic pain. It is a miserable pain that’s tough to treat. My own patients have described it as “lancinating, burning and a barrage of pins and needles.” While marijuana has long been documented to be effective for this awful pain, the most common medications prescribed today come from the poppy plant, including morphine, oxycodone and dilaudid.

Here is the problem. Most of these medications don’t work very well for this kind of pain, and tolerance is a real problem.

Most frightening to me is that someone dies in the United Statesevery 19 minutes from a prescription drug overdose, mostly accidental. Every 19 minutes. It is a horrifying statistic. As much as I searched, I could not find a documented case of death from marijuana overdose.

It is perhaps no surprise then that 76% of physicians recentlysurveyed said they would approve the use of marijuana to help ease a woman’s pain from breast cancer.

When marijuana became a schedule 1 substance, there was a request to fill a “void in our knowledge.” In the United States, that has been challenging because of the infrastructure surrounding the study of an illegal substance, with a drug abuse organization at the heart of the approval process. And yet, despite the hurdles, we have made considerable progress that continues today.

Looking forward, I am especially intrigued by studies like those in Spain and Israel looking at the anti-cancer effects of marijuana and its components. I’m intrigued by the neuro-protective study by Lev Meschoulam in Israel, and research in Israel and the United States on whether the drug might help alleviate symptoms of PTSD. I promise to do my part to help, genuinely and honestly, fill the remaining void in our knowledge.

Citizens in 20 states and the District of Columbia have now voted to approve marijuana for medical applications, and more states will be making that choice soon. As for Dr. Roger Egeberg, who wrote that letter in 1970, he passed away 16 years ago.

I wonder what he would think if he were alive today.”

Via CNN

O mal é que muitos acreditam que “ignorance is bliss”.